Election schedules for MP, Rajasthan, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Mizoram will be released by ECI.

It is anticipated that the elections in the five states, which have a combined population of about 15% of India and almost 200 million people, will set the tone for the 2024 general elections.

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The calendar for the final significant election before the 2024 general elections will be announced by the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Monday for Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Mizoram.

With the release of the timetable, the model code of conduct will go into effect. The code establishes guidelines for how political parties and candidates should behave before elections. It prohibits public servants from announcing anything that might sway voters.

In 2018, elections were held in four phases between November 12 and December 7 in the five states, which have around 200 million voters and 15% of India’s total population. In the first round of voting in 2018, 18 constituencies in southern Chhattisgarh—a region affected by a left-wing insurgency—voted, and the remaining 72 did so. On November 28, 2018, voting for the 230-member Madhya Pradesh assembly took place alongside voting for the 40 assembly seats in the smallest of the poll-bound states, Mizoram.

Five years ago, on December 7, elections were held in Telangana (which has a 119-member House) and Rajasthan (which has a 200-member parliament). After the assembly was dissolved by Telangana’s chief minister K Chandrasekhar Rao in September of that year, early elections were required. On December 11, 2018, the results of the vote counting in each of the five states were announced.

The announcement of the five state elections calendar for 2018 was marked by controversy. Criticism was levelled at the ECI for postponing the announcement’s press conference by more than two hours. The Congress said that the delay was intentional in order to allow Prime Minister Narendra Modi complete control over an election conference he was scheduled to speak in Ajmer, Rajasthan.

Just before the model code was implemented, the then-chief minister Vasundhara Raje declared at the gathering that farmers would have their power expenses of up to 10,000 rupees per year waived.

Prior to the 2019 general elections, the Congress took control of the BJP’s strongholds of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh, three states where Hindi is the dominant language. While the Mizo National Front established the government in Mizoram, Telangana’s TRS, now known as Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS), maintained its hold on power.

On December 17, the Mizoram assembly’s term comes to an end. The tenure of the four other states’ assemblies expires on various days in January.

Following the resignations of 22 lawmakers, the BJP ousted the Congress from power in Madhya Pradesh in March 2020. In the state, where it deals with infighting and anti-incumbency, the BJP has been in office since 2003 (except for the 18 months between 2018 and 2020). One of the larger states, Madhya Pradesh sends 29 representatives to the Lok Sabha.

In May, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi predicted that his party will win 150 of the 230 seats needed to form the state’s next administration. In Himachal Pradesh in 2022 and Karnataka in May, the BJP was ousted by the Congress.

Despite winning elections in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan in 2018, the Congress was only able to capture three of the 65 Lok Sabha seats in those three states five months later. It is encouraged by its performance in Karnataka, where the Congress won re-election on the strength of a platform that emphasized welfare, social justice, and anti-corruption.

A three-way race between the BRS, the BJP, and the Congress is anticipated in Telangana. Leadership is a challenge for both Congress and BJP in Rajasthan, where the incumbent hasn’t won reelection since 1985.

In contrast to Raje of the BJP, who has had disagreements with the party’s leadership, Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot and his former deputy Sachin Pilot have engaged in open conflict.

Using welfare reform and Gehlot’s track record of delivering, Congress hopes to hold onto power.

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