Israel and Palestine’s conflicts : All you need to know

The timeline lists the most significant escalation of the confrontation between Israel and Palestinian factions, starting with Israel’s 2005 departure from the Gaza Strip.

Israel- Palestine war

Early on Saturday, the Palestinian islamist group Hamas attacked Israel in its heaviest assault in years, unleashing a barrage of rockets from Gaza and sending fighters across the border.

Israeli media reported gunfights between groups of Palestinian fighters and security personnel in southern Israel as Israel declared itself to be in a “state of war” and started its own attacks against Hamas targets in Gaza.

The confrontation between Israel and Palestinian organizations in the packed coastal enclave, which is home to 2.3 million people, has seen several major flare-ups during the course of the following timeline, which starts with Israel’s withdrawal from the Gaza Strip in 2005.

August 2005 – 38 years after Egypt was taken over by Israeli soldiers in the Middle East war, Israel unilaterally withdraws its forces from Gaza, abandoning settlements and handing over administration of the territory to the Palestinian Authority.

What is the main reason of conflict between Israel and Palestine

A long-standing fight over territory and national identity is the main cause of the Israel-Palestine conflict. It comes from Israeli and Palestinian claims to the same region in the eastern Mediterranean that date back more than a century.

israel-palestine map

Wars, geographical disputes, and conflicting nationalistic allegiances have exacerbated the ongoing conflict, with topics of disagreement including the status of Jerusalem and the fate of Palestinian refugees still being hotly debated. A sustainable peace accord has been difficult to achieve, making this a very complicated and unsolved subject.

Let’s read something about Israel and Palestine’s wars in history

Jan. 25, 2006

A majority of seats in the Palestinian legislative assembly are won by the Islamist organization Hamas. Because Hamas won’t stop using violence and acknowledge Israel, Israel and the US have stopped providing help to the Palestinians.

In a cross-border operation from Gaza on June 25, 2006, Hamas militants abduct Israeli army recruit Gilad Shalit, sparking airstrikes and incursions from Israel. After more than five years, Shalit is finally let free in a prisoner swap.

June 14, 2007

In a brief civil war, Hamas seizes control of Gaza and drives out the Fatah militias devoted to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who is stationed in the West Bank.

Israel begins a 22-day military incursion in Gaza on December 27, 2008, in response to Palestinian rocket attacks on the Israeli town of Sderot in the south. Before a ceasefire is reached, it is estimated that 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis have died.

Nov. 14, 2012

Ahmad Jabari, the head of the military for Hamas, is killed by Israel. Israeli airstrikes and Palestinian militant rocket fire continue for eight days.

2014 July–August

Following the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli youths by Hamas, a seven-week conflict breaks out in which more than 2,100 Palestinians are reported dead in Gaza and 73 Israelis, including 67 soldiers, are reported dead.

Palestinian demonstrations start in March 2018 near the gated border between Israel and Gaza. To push back protests, Israeli soldiers start firing. In the course of many months of rallies, which also result in fighting between Hamas and Israeli forces, more than 170 Palestinians are reportedly dead.

May 2021

At the Al Aqsa compound in Jerusalem, the third holiest place in Islam, hundreds of Palestinians are hurt following weeks of tension during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.

After demanding that Israel remove its security personnel from the building, Hamas from Gaza launches a volley of rockets into Israel. Israel responds by attacking Gaza from the air. 11 days of fighting result in 13 fatalities in Israel and at least 250 deaths in Gaza.

Aug 2022

Three days of unrest that start when Israeli airstrikes hit a top Islamic Jihad commander result in at least 44 deaths, including 15 minors.

Israel claims that the attacks, which targeted militant movement commanders and arsenals, were a preventative measure against an impending onslaught by the Iranian-backed terrorist movement. More than 1,000 rockets are launched against Israel in retaliation by Islamic Jihad. Any severe harm or casualties are prevented by Israel’s Iron Dome air defense system.

Jan. 2023

Following an Israeli military attack on a camp for refugees during which two civilians and seven Palestinian gunmen were killed, Islamic Jihad in Gaza launches two missiles towards Israel. Israeli villages close to the border are alerted by the rockets, but no one is hurt. In response, Israel attacks Gaza with airstrikes.

Oct 2023

From the Gaza Strip, Hamas launches the largest attack on Israel in years. The surprise strike combines armed individuals crossing the border with a hefty missile fire. According to Islamic Jihad, its militants have joined the assault.

The Israeli military declared that it was in a warlike situation and announced that it had launched attacks against Hamas in Gaza and called up reservists.

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